NEW: Archaeology Proofs of the Rise and Fall of Kings David and Solomon

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Wow, what a week it’s been! Two major discoveries of Old Testament locations (that can be seen on Bible maps) found. Let’s just cut to the chase and see what we’ve got! Plus, get a free eChart at the end of this post! Yes, you’re welcome. 🙂

1. Evidence for David and Goliath Battle Site Found

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The Khirbet Qeiyafa Archaeological Site. (Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem Spokesperson)

The Elah Valley. Does that sound familiar? Probably!

The Elah Valley is where the fight between David and Goliath takes place according to the Bible. And that’s where Hebrew University Professor Yosef Garfinkel and Israeli Antiquities Authority (IAA) archaeologist Saar Ganor were excavating an Iron Age town. This fortified Iron Age town perfectly fits the description of the biblical town Shaarayim, where wounded Philistines were overtaken by the Israelites (1 Sam. 17:52).

  • The excavation crew discovered an unusually formed wall built of iron stones with hollows, and the placement of the wall would have been exactly where two gates previously existed. Here’s where it gets exciting: “Shaarayim” means “two gates” in Hebrew.
  • To top it off, the Bible describes Shaarayim as being near the biblical towns Socho and Azeka, which had previously been discovered nearby!

What interested Garfinkel and Ganor about this town was the evidence for urbanization, or the transformation from a farming village to a fortified city. Carbon dating used on olive pits placed the urbanization around the 11th century BCE. According to Professor Garfinkel, “the chronology fits the Biblical narrative perfectly,” furthering evidence for the establishment of the Kingdom of David!

Also highlighted in the find (this is a biggie): the earliest evidence of written Hebrew inscribed on pottery!

2. King Solomon-Era Palace Unearthed

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Aerial view of the palatial building found in ancient Gezer, which archaeologists have tentatively dated to King Solomon’s time.Tel Gezer Excavation Project, Steven M. Ortiz

In biblical Gezer, 3000-year old ruins were discovered, and they date to the time of King Solomon! Though there is no evidence of who lived there, it’s suspected to have been part of this biblical moment:

“Pharaoh king of Egypt had come up and captured Gezer and had burned it with fire, and he had also killed the Canaanites dwelling in the city. So he gave it as a parting gift to his daughter the wife of Solomon. Solomon built up Gezer” – (1 Kings 9: 16-17)

A building dated to 10th century Gezer, the era of King Solomon.Tel Gezer Excavation Project, Steven M. Ortiz

A building dated to 10th century Gezer, the era of King Solomon. Tel Gezer Excavation Project, Steven M. Ortiz

The style of the structure and the grand central courtyard leads the American archaeological team to believe that this edifice is most likely a palace.

Extensive research of Egyptian history also shows the destruction of Gezer recorded by Thutmose III. Two other pharaohs hold accounts of attacking Gezer, the second of whom razed the city to the ground and wiping out the Canaanite population.

Archaeology has also shown us evidence of the fall of Israel. After Solomon’s death, Israel was thrown into chaos, thus leaving it vulnerable. A stele (stone slab) was found erected to Pharaoh Shishak/Sheshonk (learn more with the FREE eChart below); experts suspect that this was put in place to commemorate Shishak’s victory over Israel.

So there we have it! Two more proofs the Old Testament is an extraordinarily reliable account of history! We hope you enjoyed this Bible archaeology made easy. Thanks for reading!

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FREE “10 Important Bible Archaeological Finds” eChart

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10 Important Bible Archaeological Finds eChartThis “10 Important Bible Archaeological Finds” eChart highlights 10 of the most significant archaeological finds that give evidence for events and customs described in the Bible. This eChart describes the find, includes a picture, and explains the find’s importance for our understanding of biblical people and places.

This FREE eChart contains 10 out of 50 archaeological finds included in the pamphlet 50 Proofs for the Bible: Old Testament. The full pamphlet includes finds, such as The Tel Dan Inscription, which proves King David’s existence; the Nuzi Tablets, which describe customs and stories similar to those found in Genesis 15-31; Merneptah Stele, which provides the earliest evidence of the nation of Israel (apart from the Bible); and Shishak’s military invasion record, which refers to the events in I Kings 14.

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